Language Choice among Bilingual Students of Different Ethnic Backgrounds (An Ethnographic Study at FKIP University of Mataram)

ROHMAYANTI, ROHMAYANTI (2015) Language Choice among Bilingual Students of Different Ethnic Backgrounds (An Ethnographic Study at FKIP University of Mataram). S1 thesis, Universitas Mataram.


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This study is aimed at investigating the languages used by the bilingual students at FKIP; their linguistic patterns, and the factors that influence their language choice. Convenience sampling was used to take the samples, i.e. bilingual students of English Department who came from different ethnic groups and mastered English, Indonesian, and their mother tongues. They were also in the same social group in terms of their closeness in and outside the classroom.. Ethnographic research was applied in this study. The methods to collect data were observation (participant and non-participant), recordings, note takings, and questionnaire. The result of this study showed that the languages used by bilingual students at FKIP are Indonesian, English, Sasak,Sundanese, and Korean. The linguistic patterns appeared to be different from one another and greatly influenced by Topics, Participants, and Settings of the conversations. In discussing about education, they used Indonesian and in talking about free topic such as movies, they used English, Indonesian, and other languages. They spoke in English with their English lecturers, but the conversations among them used Indonesian and English. In classroom, they used English mostly, but outside the classroom Indonesian was used dominantly. Education domain dictates that English is used frequantly in the classroom and to their English lecturer. This study showed the percentage of Indonesian used by calculating 2154 words that appeared in recorded data in terms of Topics, Participants, and Settings are 71,1%, 36,2 %, and 50,8%. While the percentage of English use based on the same order 17,5%, 60,3%, and 49,1%. While the other languages such as Sasak, Sundanese, and Korean appeared in a very less number; it is less than 10%. This is understandable because only few of them spoke those languages. However, it is also found that the language choice of bilingual speakers was also influenced by other factors such as individual preferences, contextual setting, and linguistic proficiency.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Keywords (Kata Kunci): Language Choice, Bilingual Speakers, Factors InfluencingLanguage Choice
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan
Depositing User: Saprudin Saprudin
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 00:24
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 00:24

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