Suwardji, Suwardji (2018) INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT: THE LOMBOK INITIATIVE. Universitas Mataram.


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An( r till' ( pul it ical. economic/social) crises in I 997 - I 999, the agriculture sector in lnduJll'Sid ~1ml especially in NTB, had become a stabilizing force and has also reL·e: ved increased attention under the reform or re~overy prograi11 by the Indonesian CJo,'l.:rJl:llL';l'. \Jr dono:·s. ror example Malaysia or Thailand wi'th' a more advanced agricL:Iturc were also able to cope more effectively and quickly with the Asian crisis or glob:-tl ization. Until now irrigation (sawah) in Indonesia has generally received pnonty (development f'unds) whereas the potential of dry··larfd farming (upland, rain feet:!), in the following for short "Wilayah Laban Kering" , has not received the attention it de::.e rvcs. not on! y in terms of increase of agriculture output, farmer income, agro business etc. but also under environmental aspects. With UU 22/1999 now district (Kab/Kota) governments? under coordinatioi1 of the ·Province government. are in charge to analyze and app(y regional/local comparative advant<tges, especially in agriculture. This calls for a careful study ,,nd planning to assure cllicicnt use and allocation of resources, increase in employment and related inccnli,·cs. business opportunities, in order. to realize the objectiYes of regional development nnd peoples welfare. · Land usc daw from various sources (BPS, BPN) indicate that of the over 2 Mio ha of land surl'~lce/area in NTB, 83 % are Laban Kering .. This large potential base allows for a \'ariety of agriculture applications and products il). the fields of horticultun~, tree crops or plantations, to meet future regional, national and international demand. Based on various studies (UNRAM) it has been established tha.t the potential dc\·clopmcnt and benefits of Laban Kering are not yet _effectively utilized or optimized. clue the following constraints/problems (see also SWOT, tr.b!t: 6.4) : I) Limited water supply (rainfall only 3- 5 m, river, irrigation) 2) Topography, run off water 3) Critical soil, low fertility 4) Lack ol'(cconomic) infrastructure 5) ;\gricultural technology underdeveloped, not applied 6) Limited capacity of local government and people to properly plan and in1plement/fund Laban Kering development programs 7) Status, organization, of farmers still weak 8) Participation of private sector low. Th:)se unravorable conditions should be improved step by step under a participatory approach and be supported by a meaningful investment prog1am, in order to turn the conslr<lints !'acing Laban Kering into opportunities and effectively realize the pl)tcnti-;tl \Vhich Lahan Kering in~·. 'B only offers.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (Kata Kunci): Fruit, paddy
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian
Depositing User: Wiwin Kartikawati
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2018 01:53
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2018 01:53

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