The Effects of continuously high temperatures on apcal development and yield of four varieties of wheat

Dwi Ratna Anugrahwati, Dwi Ratna Anugrahwati and Akhmad Zubaidi, Akhmad Zubaidi and Glenn K McDonald, Glenn K McDonald and Gurjeet Gill, Gurjeet Gill The Effects of continuously high temperatures on apcal development and yield of four varieties of wheat. Universities and Research Institutiuons in United Kingdom.

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The aim of the experiment was to examine how wheat responded to an extended period of high temperatures under controlled conditions to supplement field studies with these varieties on Lombok Island. Two Indonesian wheat varieties (Nias and Dewata) and two Australian varieties (Axe and Gladius) were examined in growth room experiments at 3 different temperature regimes 32/23°C, 28/20°C and 25/15°C day/night with 12 h daylight. Temperature and photoperiod were selected to simulate conditions on Lombok Island, at lowland (32/23°C) and highland (28/20°C) sites. A third temperature (25/15°C) was selected to represent the temperature in a more temperate wheat producing area.The rate of plant development increases with the rise of the temperatures up to an optimum temperature and slower after further increases. Despite being exposed to high temperatures from the establishment, the effect of high temperature was more severe during the reproductive stage as seen by the fact that yield was more affected than dry matter accumulation and yield was most strongly related to grain number. Genetic variability in response to heat stress was evident with the Indonesian varieties being more tolerant to high temperatures than Australian varieties. Nias and Dewataproduced higher yield and biomass.

Item Type: Other
Keywords (Kata Kunci): The effects of continuously high temperatures on apical development and yield of four varieties of wheat
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian
Depositing User: . Salahudin, A.Md.,S.Adm. ,
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2021 01:23
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2021 01:23

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