Latifah, Sitti (2015) FOREST DEGRADATION AND FOREST ENCROACHMENT; DRIVER AND SOCIAL- ECONOMIC INFLUENCING FACTORS. In: International Social Sciences Conference, University of Mataram 2015 (ISSC 2015), Nopember 2015, Mataram, Lombok, Indonesia.

16_ISSC_Forest Degradation and Forest Encroachment.pdf

Download (3MB) | Preview
Official URL:


Indonesia experienced a massive deforestation and forest degradation after the fall of New Order administration in 1998. About 1.7 million ha of forestland disappeared averagely per year during 1995-2000. Unfortunately, the trend of deforestation and forest degradation continues in certain part of Indonesian within various scales. This paper is intended to analyze driver factors of deforestation and variables influencing people to encroach forestland. We use Landsat imagery data to figure out the trend of forestland changes during 1990- 2010. We also analyze socio-economic research by analyzing population census, other secondary data, and primary data collection in 14 administrative villages within western part Lombok Island Indonesia (around forest unit management “Rinjani Barat”) using participatory rural appraisal (PRA) through focus group discussion and in-depth interview with key informants. Besides, we also carry out household survey for 420 households in those villages. Our research findings suggest that approximately 28.6 percent of the total area of forest in Lombok is classified as critical or degraded condition. Driving factors of deforestation and forest degradation include population growth, the use of fuelwood as a primary energy for household, home industry, and larger industry, illegal logging and expansion of infrastructure, the operation of sawmills in forest margin communities, weak regulatory and law enforcement capacity. Meanwhile the significant influence factors for forest encroachment include perception of land tenure (rights) indicating the more secure land tenure perceived by household the less tendency of encroaching forest land. In addition, households who play a role as a formal leader tend to encroach forestland since they have authority in the area. Finally, an economic aspect indicated by the ownership of house can also perceived as an influence factor of forest encroachment. People who have no private house tend to encroach forest not only for establishing settlement but also to cultivate the forestland for economic purposes. Therefore, addressing population growth, improving the general welfare of forest margin community, reducing poverty, and seeking new sources of energy substitute for the dependency on fuelwood use, are all important considerations in developing strategies to reduce pressure on dwindling forest resources.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords (Kata Kunci): deforestation, forest degradation, forest encroachment, land tenure, forest margin community
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian
Depositing User: Dr. Sitti Latifah
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2021 06:33
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 06:33

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item