Performance Characteristics of Hydram Pumps Against Variations of Waterfall Height

Sujita, Sujita (2022) Performance Characteristics of Hydram Pumps Against Variations of Waterfall Height. Jurnal International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Management (IJAEM), 4 (2). pp. 1428-1432. ISSN 2395-5252

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The availability of water in agricultural cultivation is a very strategic factor. Especially for areas that are close to water sources or are located under springs, the need for water is not too much of a problem. Areas with higher ground level than water sources and bumpy areas will have difficulty getting a continuous supply of water. Therefore, it is necessary to find an alternative to reduce the burden. An alternative that can be developed is a hydraulic ram pump that works without using an engine. Hydram pumps have been applied for drinking and household water purposes. However, the use for irrigation in agriculture has not been implemented. The method used in this research is to make a model in the laboratory by simulating the independent variable in the form of the height of the waterfall, while the dependent variables measured include the maximum head and output discharge. Furthermore, the results of the research were analyzed in the form of correlations between the independent variables and the dependent variable to obtain the efficiency of the hydraulic ram pump. Pumps used in research in the laboratory have the following specifications: input diameter = 1.5 inches; output diameter = 0.5 inch; piston stroke on the waste valve = 5 mm ; air tube diameter = 3 inches; length of air tube = 30 cm; galvanized pipe pump material. The results showed that the pump with a size of 1.5 inches had the best efficiency at a plunge height of 2 meters which was 18.4% with an input discharge of 1.44 liters/second while the output discharge produced was 0.11 liters/second while the lift height of pump which is 26.1 meters.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (Kata Kunci): Hydram Pump, Waterfall Height, Irrigation, Maximum Head, Output Discharge
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik
Depositing User: Dr. Sujita Darmo
Date Deposited: 13 May 2022 03:36
Last Modified: 13 May 2022 03:36

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