A description of smallholder pig production systems in eastern Indonesia

MUKTASAM, MUKTASAN (2015) A description of smallholder pig production systems in eastern Indonesia. Preventive veterinary medicine, 118. pp. 319-327. ISSN 0167-5877

L.A.1.b.9. Description of Smallholder Pig leslie 2015.pdf

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tPig farming is a common practice among smallholder farmers in Nusa Tenggara Timurprovince (NTT), eastern Indonesia. To understand their production systems a survey ofsmallholder pig farmers was conducted. Eighteen villages were randomly selected acrossWest Timor, Flores and Sumba islands, and 289 pig farmers were interviewed. Informationon pig management, biosecurity practices, pig movements and knowledge of pig healthand disease, specifically classical swine fever was collected. The mean number of pigs perherd was 5.0 (not including piglets), and total marketable herd size (pigs ≥ two months ofage) did not differ significantly between islands (P = 0.215). Chickens (71%) and dogs (62%)were the most commonly kept animal species in addition to pigs. Pigs were mainly kept asa secondary income source (69%) and 83% of farmers owned at least one sow. Seventy-fourpercent (74%) of pigs were housed in a kandang (small bamboo pen) and 25% were tethered.Pig feeds were primarily locally sourced agricultural products (93%). The majority of farm-ers had no knowledge of classical swine fever (91%) and biosecurity practices were minimal.Forty-five percent (45%) reported to consuming a pig when it died and 74% failed to reportcases of sick or dead pigs to appropriate authorities. Sixty-five percent (65%) of farmersreported that a veterinarian or animal health worker had never visited their village. Back-yard slaughter was common practice (55%), with meat mainly used for home consumption(89%). Most (73%) farmers purchased pigs in order to raise the animal on their farm with36% purchasing at least one pig within the last year. Predominantly fattener pigs (34%) weregiven as gifts for celebratory events, most commonly for funerals (32%), traditional cere-monies (27%) and marriages (10%). For improved productivity of this traditional low-inputsystem, research incorporating farming training and improved knowledge on pig diseaseand biosecurity needs to be integrated with greater access to extension services.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (Kata Kunci): Smallholder farmerPigsEastern IndonesiaBiosecurityNusa Tenggara TimurClassical swine fevera
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian
Depositing User: Ir. Muktasam M.Agr,Sc.Phd
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2022 06:58
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2022 06:58
URI: http://eprints.unram.ac.id/id/eprint/31127

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