Initial Process of Payment for Environmental services West Nusa Tenggara

Latifah, Sitti and Ikhsan, Andi Chairil and Aji, Irwan Mahakam Lesmono and Tarningsih, Tarningsih and Habibi, Putrawan Initial Process of Payment for Environmental services West Nusa Tenggara. In: EAARE 2012 Congress Proceeding; The 2nd Congress of The East Asian Association of Environmental and Resources Economics. EAARE, Faculty of Economics and Business University of Padjajaran, EEPSEA.

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Abstract

Water is one products of Payment for Environmental services (PES) in west Nusa Tenggara. The scarcity of water resource tends to increase relating with population growth, the degradation of forest cover and the phenomenon of climate change. Conflict in water resource management between stakeholders tend to increase also since more than 400 watersprings have disappeared in West Nusa Tenggara. This paper compares the initial process of Payment for Environmental Services Programm in several areas in west Nusa Tenggara with focused on a number of location that have been practicing the initial PES scheme,ranging from district level to the community level. The comparison based on institution, regulation and mechanisms within the criteria from The Regional Forum on Payment Schemes for Environmental services in watershed (2003). The comparison was also made within those areas and several areas in lndonesia and other countries with Established PES scheme. Approach method used in this reearch was descriptive method. Data collection was done by direct observation and interaction with the parties within the scope of review of the study, through depth interviews,Focus Group Discussion(FGD)and literature review and analyzed qualitatively. Based on each case study, valuable lessons can be drawn. This includes the effort to avercome or reduce anxiety in excess of water availability and conflicts between upstream and downstream communities. PES schemes have a potential to become a valuable transfer mechanism, towards the internalisation of positive externality environment and generate new revenue for sustainable development. Understanding the context of livelihood and how environmental services supports the welfare of local communities becomes very important, the reason is that PES activities are predicted to have long-term eligibility, desired by the community and can result in enormous environmental benefits.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords (Kata Kunci): Payment for Environmental Services, water resources, Nusa Tenggara Barat
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Program Studi Kehutanan
Depositing User: Dr. Sitti Latifah
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2018 01:12
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2018 01:12
URI: http://eprints.unram.ac.id/id/eprint/11042

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